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A guide to the types of wood used in Backgammon sets.

Last updated on April 20, 2024

The vast majority of the backgammon sets recommended by Deluxe Backgammon are wooden. Below is a detailed guide on the types of wood that are commonly found in the backgammon sets we recommend. Additional types of wood used in backgammon sets will be added when uncovered.


Ebony is a dark, dense hardwood that comes from a small, slow-growing tree. It is considered to be a luxury wood. Ebony is dense enough to sink in water. It is very finely grained and has a very smooth finish when polished. It is considered to be endangered in many regions and as such is a rare and expensive wood. Ebony is most commonly used in luxury backgammon sets. Care should be taken to make sure this wood has been sustainably sourced.


Boxwood is a light-coloured wood that is used to make checkers for backgammon sets. It comes from a small slow-growing tree and has a fine, even texture and a natural sheen. It is a dense wood that is very robust and ages nicely. Boxwood comes in various grades and can be seen on backgammon sets at opposite ends of the price spectrum. The Boxwood tree is commonly used to form hedges. It is not an endangered species.

Ebonised Boxwood

Ebonised Boxwood is a version of boxwood that has been stained a dark colour, such as ebony. Because boxwood is cheaper than ebony it is often used as an alternative to real ebony. It is commonly used to make dark backgammon checkers.


Oak is a type of hardwood that comes from the oak tree native to the northern hemisphere. There are around 600 species of oak. They are long-living, slow-growing trees. Oak wood is very strong, heavy and durable. It has an attractive light colour with a prominent grain. Due to its robust nature, it has been used as a building material for thousands of years. Oak can be used to create the backgammon cabinet or be turned into checkers. It is not an endangered species, but should still be sourced responsibly.


Walnut is a dense, dark wood with red, purple and yellow tones. It is commonly used to fashion the backgammon cabinet or used for veneers to form the dark points. Walnut is a popular wood due to its aesthetics. It has a tight grain and polishes well. Walnut is very robust making it perfect for the construction of backgammon sets. Although not endangered, Walnut should be sourced sustainably.

Manopoulos walnut root cabinet. Backgammon wood types.
Manopoulos walnut root cabinet.

Olive wood

Olive wood is derived from the olive tree, a species of small, fruit-bearing trees found in much of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, the Middle East and southern Asia. It is very hard, strong and durable. Because of its versatile nature, it can be used for backgammon cabinets, checkers or veneers. It is deep brown in colour with strong, oil-like grain patterns that are a beautiful distinguishing feature. It is because of these patterns that every olive wood product will be unique. Olive trees are slow-growing, but can live for hundreds of years. While they take a long time to grow, the wood is often a by-product of the agricultural industry, since trees eventually stop producing good fruit. This makes olive wood a sustainable material.


Mahogany is a rich hardwood that has a deep red hue. When first harvested it is a lighter shade of red, but it begins to darken with age, obtaining a deep reddish-brown colour as it seasons. In some parts of the world, it is becoming very rare and valuable. There are more than 70 species of Mahogany, more than half of which are endangered. African and Brazilian Mahogany, in particular, should be avoided as they are critically endangered. It has traditionally been the wood of choice for luxury cabinet and furniture makers. It is prized for its beauty, durability, and colour. Because it has a dense grain pattern and a solid internal structure it is perfect for constructing backgammon cabinets.


Wenge is a very dark wood that is close to natural ebony in colour. It is African in origin and is currently listed as endangered due to over-harvesting. All wenge wood should be sustainably sourced. In certain lighting conditions, wenge can exude a purple-bluish hue. Wenge is often used in backgammon set construction and is considered a more cost-effective and sustainable alternative than ebony. The wood is popular in woodworking because of its dimensional stability and colour contrast when mixed with lighter woods such as maple.


Maple is a hard, but light wood that is very light in colour. It is often used to create the light coloured points on the backgammon playing field.  Its light colour contrasts well with a deep dark wood such as wenge or ebony. Maple is a stable wood that is available in abundance in certain parts of the world.


Sheesham is a fast-growing and hardy rosewood tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. It is medium brown in colour and is reasonably dense. When polished or waxed it can develop very attractive patterns and grains with a warm coffee tone. Sheesham is considered to be among the finest cabinet and veneer timbers. It is a stable wood that can be used to make backgammon cabinets. It’s an inexpensive wood and is readily available in large quantities.


Tulipwood is the pinkish-yellowish wood coming from the tulip tree, found in North America and some parts of China. It is widespread and known to be one of the more sustainable wood types. The wood is very light but strong and is used in many applications, including furniture, cabinets and veneers. Tulipwood is easy to work with and finishes to a fine, smooth surface.  It can also be stained very easily and is often used as a low-cost alternative to walnut and cherry. Tulipwood veneers are commonly used to form the inlaid points on the backgammon playing field.

Maple and tulipwood points. Backgammon wood types.
Maple and tulipwood points.


Rubberwood is a light-coloured medium-density hardwood obtained from the rubber tree. It is usually harvested from trees grown in rubber plantations that no longer produce latex. Rubberwood is commonly listed as an “environmentally friendly” wood, as it makes use of trees that have already served a useful purpose. Rubberwood has very little shrinkage making it one of the more stable construction materials available for furniture, toys and kitchen accessories. It is easily worked and takes on stains uniformly. Rubberwood is also known as hevea wood.


Babul wood is a flowering plant tree in the Acacia family. It is native to Africa, the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent. It is known to have some medicinal properties and the tender twigs are used as toothbrushes in south-east Africa and India. Babul is a popular material to work with for several reasons. It is affordable, easy to work with, durable, and sustainable. Babul has a naturally smooth texture and the colour can range from light amber to dark mahogany.


Rosewood refers to any of a wide number of richly hued timbers, often brownish with darker veining. The group that rosewood belongs to is the Genus Dalbergia. The most notable rosewood in the Western world is the wood of Dalbergia nigra. It is best known as “Brazilian rosewood”. This wood has a strong, sweet smell, which persists for many years, hence the name rosewood. It is also known as palisander.

Wikipedia – list of wood types.

One Comment

  1. Tammy Tammy

    I have a backgammon set as a family heirloom. It must date from the early 20th century and its supposedly made of acacia wood, with cedar wood checkers and has brass furnishings. Its in great condition and we still use it on family backgammon nights. It has wooden dice, but they aren’t matching and there are no dice cups. It is still a pleasure to play backgammon on the old family set.

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